Does Artificial Intelligence Markup Language Count As Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence markup language is an XTML dialect for creating natural language. AIML helps to create human interfaces while keeping the implementation simple to program, easy to understand, and highly maintainable. AIIML is like rules gathered at one place, which defines the conversational abilities of the chatbot. The chatbot uses the AIML rules to understand and reply appropriately to the respective text. The more rules we increase in AIML, the more intelligent the Bot gets. NLU (Natural Language Understanding) in chatbot processes the AIML and other things are controlled through AIML rules. AIML chatbots are rule-based bots, which rely on rules made. However, some level of self-learning can be expected. Computers/Machines do not understand normal English or any other languages spoken by humans. So, the languages that computers understand are broadly classified, they are as follows: –

  • Markup language – A markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text. Few examples of markup language are HTML, XTML, XML, XHTML, etc.
  • Programming language – Programming language is one kind of computer language used in computer programming to implement algorithms. A few examples are C, C, C#, Python, etc.
  • Scripting language – Few examples are PHP, Python, Ruby, ASP, etc.

The Artificial Intelligence Markup Language tags include: –

<aiml> tag indicates the start and end of the AIML document. This attribute is optional. It is mandatory that <aiml> tag shall contain at least one <category> tag.

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<category> tag is very significant and has the knowledge for the Bot. This tag contains – user inputs, which can be assertions or questions in the form of sentences. Also, the input/reply needs to be given to the user if this type of question is asked. A<category> tag must contain a <pattern> tag, which represents the bot’s response.

<pattern> tag, this tag represents input that the user provides. This tag should be the first tag in the <category> tag. AIML is case-insensitive. If a user writes “Hello,” “hello,” “HELLO,” etc., all inputs are valid, and the Bot will match them against your greeting message.

<template> tag indicates the Bot’s response to the user. It should be the second tad in the <category> tag. This <template> tag can be used to save data, call another program, give conditional answers, or even delegate to other categories.

Introduction to artificial intelligence

So McCarthy first coined the term and defined AI as ‘the science and engineering of making intelligent machines. In other words, Artificial Intelligence can also be defined as the development of computer systems that are capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as decision making, object detection, solving Complex problems, and so on, mentioned artificial intelligence helps in decision making, solving Complex problems, it performs high-level competitions and also increases the accuracy of your predictions, these are the main features.

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Artificial general intelligence and artificial narrow intelligence, and artificial superintelligence are the different types of AI, to be more precise. Artificial intelligence has three different stages; the types of artificial intelligence are completely different from the stages of AI. AI covers domains such as machine learning, deep learning, neural networks, Natural Language Processing, knowledge base expert systems, etc. One can get artificial intelligence courses online, which is provided by many, but the name that I can recall faster is Great learning. 

Artificial intelligence is now used all around the globe to provide personalized recommendations to people based on their previous searches and the websites visited by them recently or other online activities they have committed. The types of AI primarily are reactive, limited memory, theory of mind, and self-awareness.

Reactive AI is considered the most basic type of artificial intelligence. It is programmed to provide a predictable output based on the input it receives.

Limited memory AI learns from the past and builds experiential knowledge by observing actions or data. This is the most widely used AI today.

Theory of mind AI, which seems like a real human, wants to hold a meaningful conversation. Machines with this AI will recognize and recall emotions, then adjust those behaviors based on emotions as they interact with people, which makes AIML the superior invention of our time.

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Self-aware AI- This AI will be the most advanced amongst all AI at present. In this, the machine can be aware of their own emotion, as well as the emotions of the others around them. The level of perception and cleverness in self-aware AI would be similar to that of humans. Self-aware AI will have wants, needs, and feelings as well. But this kind of complicated AI hasn’t been developed yet.

Now comes, does AIML count as Artificial intelligence?

The answer to this question is controversial. So, we’ll answer from both perspectives, i.e., yes & no.

Although AIML seems like an XML scripting language, it is indeed intelligent when integrated with bot brain technology. The field of AI means the system should learn from the patterns and have its intelligence to make decisions. According to this, AIML does surely count as artificial intelligence. 

No, AIML is an XML scripting language; it requires a human writer to list all combinations of keywords and corresponding answers manually. Looking up words in a list does not require intelligence. AIML can theoretically be used to such effect that one could create artificial intelligence with it. Still, the same can be said of any programming language, or it can be said as AIML stimulates AI with a retrieval-based model. It doesn’t generate any new text, only from its dataset. So, it is AI but as its most primitive and the easiest form.

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